During egg donation, a woman receives eggs from a donor. One out of ten IVF cycles are through egg donation and success rates are very high. The superiority of the method is especially evident in women with poor quality and quantity of eggs. In these cases, egg donation achieves high pregnancy rates while contrary, cycles with their own eggs have very poor results.
For the reasons stated above, egg donation is recommended to women with low ovum reserve such as:
- Premature menopause
- Poor egg quality
- Poor response to previous infertility treatment (IVF), with a low number of eggs retrieved
- High FSH and low AMH on the 3rd day of the cycle
- Low number of antral follicles visible on an ultrasound
- Age over 40 years
A woman who receives the eggs is called the recipient and the woman who gives them is the donor. The egg donation process is simple: the egg recipient takes oral treatment to increase the thickness of the endometrium and is hormonally coordinated with the egg donor, who undergoes IVF treatment.
After the collection of the eggs, they are fertilized with the sperm of the recipient΄s male partner and the embryos are placed in the recipient’s uterus. Pregnancy is supported by hormonal medications and follows the course of a natural conception.